|Benguela — The Lecturer of International Relations, Herlander Napoleão, defended on Tuesday in the central Benguela province that Africa should undertake an agricultural and industrial revolution, to be a competent continent and thus meet challenges of food security and transformation of the present sustainable economic growth to social development.
Herlander Napoleão, who is also a political scientist, said so to Angop on the occasion of the 51st anniversary of Africa Day, marked on 25 May, established by the United Nations (UN) in 1972 to symbolize the struggle of the peoples of the African continent for their independence and emancipation.
He stated that Africa needs a Green Revolution as it has plenty of water and other mineral wealth to boost its huge agricultural potential and thus open more promising prospects for the future of the continent and eradicating hunger and poverty that still afflict its population.
According to him, it is imperative to use part of the revenues from oil, gas and diamonds to seriously invest in agriculture so that, this time, food can be produced in quantity and quality necessary for the needy population.
The lecturer also argued that one of the effective ways to combat the current exodus in major African cities is to strongly invest in the mainland agricultural sector, so that people may be attracted to the rural area to practice income generating activities to sustain themselves without any difficulties.
Remembering that oil is a resource that will run out, Herlander Napoleão stated that Africa should follow the model of Brazil and China that are very strong countries in terms of sufficient agricultural production, given their high population density and also with surplus to export.
With regard to health, another fundamental sector, he stressed the concern of African countries with high rates of maternal and infant mortality and the need of eradicating the epidemic and diarrheal diseases such as polio and malaria, responsible for killing many children under age of five.
As for Education, he stated that the main challenge involves, in addition to technological innovation, the training of qualified and diverse young people with proven assurance towards the obligations of an increasingly globalised world, for the continent's development from , the Sahara to the Cape of Good Hope .